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Morse Code Keyer (2)

Morse-code Practice

Parts List:
R1,R4 = 100K IC1 = LM555 R2 = 10 ohm S1 = 3-pole, switch toggle, on-on R3,R5 = 1K S2 = Morse keyer P1 = 500 ohm J1 = Jack, mike-output C1 = 5uF/16V LS1 = Loudspeaker, 8-ohm, up to 2 watts C2,C4 = 0.1 uF Batt1 = 9-Volt Alkaline battery C3 = 0.01uF

Description:
The speaker (LS1) can be any 8-ohm type up to 2-watts. Supply voltage for this circuit is up to 15 volts, but 12V is more desirable if you choose to go with a adapter. If possible, try to use a mylar or polyester kind of capacitor for C2.
IC1 is a CMOS MC1455P or equivalent, Timer/Oscillator. This type of cmos IC consumes a lot less current when used with the 9-volt battery, but if you don't want to spent the money then the LM555, NE555, etc. are fine too and are pin-for-pin compatible with each other. The timing circuit is formed by R1, R3, and C3. Resistors R4 & R5 are a voltage devider to reduce the microphone output to a safe level. Potentiometer P1 can be used to control the 'Pitch'. Capacitor C5 is used as a bypass capacitor to clean up unwanted noise. C1 is specified as a 5uF electrolytic but a standard 4.7uF will work fine too.
S2 is your Morse-key or Paddle. S1 switches between your speaker and the microphone output jack (J1), which you can hookup to your stereo, amplifier, or cassette player. Match J1 with the jack you hook it up to.

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